In memory of
Bombardier
JAMES "ALEXANDER" MacLean Coburn
August 22, 1886 - March 30, 1918

Military Service:

Service Number: 335954

 

Age: 31

Force: Army

Unit: Canadian Field Artillery, ​Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)

 

Division: 3rd Div. Trench Mortar Bty.

Commemorated on Page 386 of the First World War Book of Remembrance.

Military Service Records: 

When a recruit signed up for the Canadian Expeditionary Force in WW I he filled in an attestation paper that indicated his willingness to serve in the military and provided such information as date of birth, next of kin, height, weight, complexion, occupation, etc. As such these papers are of genealogical importance. The links below are to a scanned copy of the attestation papers of James Alexander MacLean Coburn completed on 3 July 1916, in Woodstock New Brunswick.

Date of Enlistment:
July 3, 1916, Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada

 

Additional Information:

James "Alexander" MacLean Coburn, born 22 Aug 1886, son of John G. Coburn and Margaret Ann Nesbitt, Harvey, NB, died 30 Mar 1918, France, Battle of the Somme.


Cemetery:
La Targette British Cemetery, Pas de Calais,France.

La Targette British Cemetery is in the Western angle of the cross roads at Aux-Rietz. This Cemetery was formerly known as the Aux-Rietz Military Cemetery, and was begun at the end of April, 1917, and used by Field Ambulances and fighting units until September, 1918. Sixteen graves were brought in from the immediate neighbourhood after the Armistice.

In March-April 1917, the artillery of the 2nd Canadian and 5th Divisions, and certain heavy artillery units, had their headquarters in a deep cave at Aux-Rietz. Nearly a third of the graves, including Bdr. Alexander Coburn, have an artillery connection.

The 21st Canadian Infantry Battalion erected a wooden memorial in the cemetery to their dead of April, 1917. The cemetery covers an area of 2,852 square metres and is enclosed by a stone curb on two sides, and on the other two by a low rubble wall.

The cemetery was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield.

The cemetery contains 638 First World War burials, 41 of them unidentified. There are also three Second World War burials, two of which are unidentified.

 

Location:
Neuville-St Vaast is a village 6.5 kilometres north of Arras, a little east of the road from Bethune to Arras. La Targette British Cemetery lies to the south-west of the village on the north-west side of the road to the village of Maroeuil.

 

Grave Reference:
I. J. 5.

Targette
Targette plan

The First Battle of Somme (1918) 21 Mar - 5 Apr 1918

The First Somme battle of 1918 is also known as the Battle of Saint-Quentin or the Second Battle of the Somme. It lasted from March 21–April 5 1918. The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914. The German Artillery rained down shells on the British and Allied positions, purposely targeting the British artillery and rear lines of troops, ready for what they hoped would be a lighting attack to split the British and French Lines, hoping to push the British forces back to the channel. Casualties on both sides were horrendous.

The first attack of the German Spring Offensive (codenamed Michael) was launched from the Hindenburg Line, on March 21, in the vicinity of Saint-Quentin. It reached a crisis at Villers-Bretonneux a little to the east of the key Allied communications centre of Amiens. The winning of that battle by the Allies, marked the beginning of the end of the First World War, as this Western front was much the most significant by this stage and the German advance stalled largely through an inability to maintain supplies.

As an important part of the German tactics in this battle was to target artillery it is possible that Bdr. Coburn was killed in action on March 30 as part of routine German counter battery fire, although his death could have been accidental (e.g. faulty ammunition or artillery piece misfire).

 

Source:
Wikipedia, Veterans Affairs Canada

 
In memory of
Private
ARCHIBALD "ARCHIE" LITTLE
May 15, 1884 - May 19, 1918

Military Service:

Service Number: 3256948

 

Age: 34

Force: Army

Unit: Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment), Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)

 

Division: 1st Depot Battallion

 

Commemorated on Page 450 of the First World War Book of Remembrance.

Military Service Records: 

When a recruit signed up for the Canadian Expeditionary Force in WW I he filled in an attestation paper that indicated his willingness to serve in the military and provided such information as date of birth, next of kin, height, weight, complexion, occupation, etc. As such these papers are of genealogical importance. The links below are to a scanned copy of the attestion papers of Archie Little completed on 16 April 1918, in St. John, New Brunswick when he was drafted into the 1st Depot Battallion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force under the Military Service Act of 1917.

Date of Enlistment:
April 16, 1918, St. John, New Brunswick, Canada

 

Additional Information:
Private Archie Little was the son of Robert Archibald Little and Jane "Janie" Robison , of Harvey Station. Born 15 May 1884, Harvey, and died 19 May, 1918, WWI, Spinal meningitis while in training.

Cemetery:
Harvey Settlement Cemetery, Harvey Station, York County, New Brunswick,Canada

 

Grave Reference:
1Little Family Plot. Section A, Plot 384.

Stone reads:
Archie Little, died May 19, 1918 aged 34 years.

1. Swan Hall, J.,Craig, H.C., Wood, G., Wood, M. 1999. Harvey Settlement Cemetery 1837-1999, ISBN 0-9687457-0-9, 141 p.

 

Newspaper obituary

2From newspaper obituary - 1918:

Private Archie Little
The body of Private Archie Little who died at the hospital at Saint John on Sunday, was brought to his late residence at York Mills on Monday evening.

The funeral was held there yesterday and was largely attended. Interment was in the cemetery at Harvey.
The deceased, who was about thirty years of age, was the eldest son of Mr and Mrs Robert A. Little of York Mills. He had been in the military training camp at St. John only a few weeks when he was seized with a heavy cold which developed into spinal meningitis, which terminated fatally after about a week's illness. He was a young man of excellent character and his death is very deeply regretted.

2. Watson, J.S., Swan, B.S., Hall, J.S., 1992. The Little Family of Harvey Settlement, 380 p.

 
In memory of
Private
ARTHUR FREDERICK KINGSTON
October 1, 1889 - August 12, 1918

Military Service

Service Number: 1030674

 

Age: 28

Force: Army

Unit: Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regiment), Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)

 

Division: 42nd Battallion

 

Commemorated on Page 442 of the First World War Book of Remembrance.

Military Service Records: 

When a recruit signed up for the Canadian Expeditionary Force in WW I he filled in an attestation paper that indicated his willingness to serve in the military and provided such information as date of birth, next of kin, height, weight, complexion, occupation, etc. As such these papers are of genealogical importance. The links below are to a scanned copy of the attestion papers of Arthur Kingston completed on 24 April 1917, in Fredericton, New Brunswick when he signed up with the 236th O.S. Battallion (New Brunswick Rifles - Sir Sam's Own).

Date of Enlistment:
April 24, 1917, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

 

Additional Information:
Private Arthur Frederick Kingston was the son of Benedict "Bene" Kingston and Elizabeth Jane "Lizzie" Henry, York Mills, Harvey Station, York Co., NB. born 1 Oct 1889, Harvey, and died 12 Aug 1918, WWI, Battle of Amiens.

 

Cemetery:
Bouchoir New British Cemetery, Somme, France.

Bouchoir is a village in the Department of the Somme on the straight main road from Amiens to Roye. The Bouchoir New British Cemetery is on the north-east side of the road nearly 2 kilometres south-east of the village.

From Peronne take the N17 to Roye then the D934 to Amiens. Travel for approximately 8 kilometres and just before the village of Bouchoir the cemetery will be found on the right hand side of the road.

 

The village of Bouchoir was lost to the Allies on 27 March 1918 during the German armies massive sprng offensive but was recovered by the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade on 9 August 1918. The New British Cemetery was created after the Armistice when graves were brought there from several small Commonwealth cemeteries and from the battlefields round Bouchoir and south of the village. Almost all date from March, April or August 1918. The graves in Plots I and II are numbered consecutively from 1 to 144. Those in Plot III are numbered from 1 to 135, and the same system applies to Plot IV. Plots V and VI are numbered by rows in the usual way.

 

Casualty Details: UK 542, Canada 214, Australia 6, South Africa 1, Total Burials: 763

 

Grave Reference:
V. D. 29

bouchoir
bouchoir photo

Battle of Amiens

Private Arthur Frederick Kingston was killed on Day 5 of the Battle of Amiens, which began on August 8th 1918. This battle marked the opening phase of the Allied offensive later known as the Hundred Days Offensive that ultimately led to the end of World War I. Allied forces, spear headed by the Canadian Corps advanced over seven miles on the first day, one of the greatest advances of the war although as the Canadians progressed beyond the reach of artillary support, and with the arrival of German reinforcements, their momentum slowed. The battle is also notable for its effects on German morale with a large number of German forces surrendering. This led Erich Ludendorff to famously describe the first day of the battle as "the black day of the German Army." Amiens was one of the first major battles involving a significant number of tanks and marked the end of trench warfare on the Western Front. Fighting became mobile once again and remained so until the armistice was signed on November 11th, 1918.

 

Newspaper obituary

 

From newspaper obituary - 1918:

Pte. A. F. Kingston
Pte. Arthur Frederick Kingston, whose death in action was reported August 12th, was the son of Mr and Mrs Benedict Kingston, of York Mills, NB, and was twenty eight years of age.


Pte. Kingston went overseas with 236th Kiltie Battalion in November 1917. He was afterwards transferred to another battalion and served three months in France.


Letters received by his mother from his lieutenant attest to his splendid courage and gallantry in face of the enemy, and how nobly he met his death, during the great drive which commenced August 8.


Besides his parents, he is survived by six sisters and two brothers, who have the sympathy of all in the loss of a worthy son and brother.

 
In memory of
Private
GRAY LITTLE
March 17, 1892 - August 28, 1918