Chain Migration into Harvey Settlement 1840's – 1850's

Some friends and close relatives of the Cornelius settlers of 1837 arrived in the years following the establishment of Harvey Settlement but the numbers were not large. They primarily came from Northumberland and the Borders with very few arriving from elsewhere in Great Britain. These later arrivals primarily settled on lots in the outer tiers of Harvey settlement (e.g Moffitts, 1842). Several families (e.g., Swans, Rutherfords) arrived from Northumberland and the borders beginning in 1850 to take up lots in the Capt. John Campbell Block on the southern margin of Harvey Settlement for one dollar per acre. This 1,000 acre block bordering Oromocto Lake became known as Tweedside, named for the Tweed River in the settler's homeland. Other later arrivals, and members of the second generation of the Cornelius party, also obtained lands on the 1,500 acre Simonds and Beauchant tracts that straddled the road between Tweedside and Harvey.

A second group of settlers from the western Borders region came to the community from Dumfriesshire in the the western Borders region, influenced by the reports of five Little brothers from that area who camed to Harvey Settlement in 1840. A few other immigrant families also arrived in the community in the 1840's and 1850's independant of each other and previous waves of migrants.

The following "chain migrant" families moved to the Harvey Settlement area in the 1840's – 1850's:

Family

Year Moved to

Harvey Settlement

1840

1840

1841

1841

1841

1842

1842

1842

1843

1843

1843

1844

1845

1845

1850

1850

1852

1852

1853

1853-1861

1854

tweedside Cairn

The Tweedside cairn was erected in 1950 on the shores of Oromocto Lake to commemorate the centenary of a settlement of later arrivals from the Scottish side of the border. They did not, however, constitute a single party that arrived in that year.

Source: Tim Patterson (2005 Images)

The main difficulty with attracting large numbers of new settlers to Harvey Settlement was the lack of additional suitable land for agriculture. The Harvey Settlement area consists primarily of a series of fertile rolling hills with swampy areas being found in the intervening low areas. The main settlement area was also bounded by extensive swampy and heath areas. Within fifteen years of the founding of Harvey Settlement most arable land in the area had been taken up. In their explorations of the area the settlers found addition hardwood ridges beyond Oromocto lake that were suitable for settlement. Unfortunately these areas proved to be too remote and not large enough to justify the expense of constructing the required roads. It was not until well into the 20th century when large-scale lumbering was carried out in these back areas that suitable roads were built. By that time there was little interest in homesteading.

A contract was signed in 1852 between the European & North American Railway Company to build a railway linking New Brunswick and Maine. By 1869 the section through Harvey Settlement was completed on the northern fringe of the original settlement area, and a train station erected. This station, later expanded in 1909, changed the entire character of Harvey Settlement. A village began to grow up in the area and several mills and stores were established, many run by people unrelated to other settlers in the community. Several hotels were also built where passengers from the trains would stay during layovers or for tourism. The settlement became known as Harvey Station, although it was not officially incorporated until 1966. Rail passenger service ceased in Harvey Station in the 1980's although rail freight still passes through the community.

Large regional schools were built in the village starting with the opening of Harvey Regional High School in 1947 and a regional elementary school in 1966. Students were bused into Harvey from a considerable geographic area that comprises areas that were once distinct settlements in their own right.

Information on modern Harvey Station can be obtained from the village homepage at:

http://www.village.harvey-station.nb.ca/